One of the most debated topics today in many circles is 5G technology and its imminent arrival.

5G is known as the “Fifth Generation” of mobile wireless communication.

This mobile wireless communication indeed is an immense opportunity in the field of technology.

However, it’s still in a building and trial process, but many companies are experiencing it.

5G offers more excellent stability with connections to many devices at once, and transfers data faster.

According to a study, it is revealed that more than 66% of businesses are planning to deploy 5G by 2020.

The main feature behind the 5G technology is higher frequency bands in the radio spectrum.

This higher frequency enables this technology to have much capacity but shorter wavelengths.

Inevitably, 5G technology is certainly paving the way for more significant innovation in the technology field.

This upcoming technology is leading Artificial Intelligence (AI) to play a more critical role in workplace collaboration.

Remote work is becoming easier through 5G technology.

Workplace collaboration tools are improving every day, and 5G technology is an innovation in this field, allowing remote work to be more accurate and more accessible.

5G technology is offering more economic opportunities because of improved access to education, healthcare, and workplace fields.

Speed of 5G:

Photo by Marc-Olivier Jodoin

The profound featured characteristic of 5G technology is its faster speed.

It is estimated that 5G will generate 3 times more traffic than the average 4G connections, thus causing the speed of 5G to be 10 to 20 times faster than the existing 4G LTE network.

5G network can allow browsing speed in Gigabytes ( GBs ), which makes mobile internet much faster.

The downloading speed of 5G is expecting 500 to 1,500 Mbps, which is much faster than broadband networks.

5G uses millimetre-wave (mm-Wave) technology, which enables very fast downloading speed.

In fact, the Consumer Technology Association has mentioned the following about 5G’s speed:

“one can download a 2-hour movie in just 3.6 seconds, versus 6 minutes on 4G or 26 hours on 3G”

5G technology is experienced in 7 countries by different network companies in 2020.

It is traced that different companies observe different speeds.

The difference in the speed is due to the use of different 5G spectrums.

The networks which used a low band spectrum are experienced with slowest speeds.

The largest experienced speed came up with 238.7 Mbps, while the slowest experienced speed is observed of 114.1 Mbps.

Although the speed varied in different regions, 5G is much faster than 4G.

This impressive speed of 5G enables many innovations in the field of technology.

Evolution of 5G:

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It should be understood that the 5G network is not a fixed standard, nor something that replaces the existing 4G network.

Instead, 5G technology is like an organic entity that evolves.

Certain developments about 5G are happening now, and many other developments will continue to occur in the next decade.

The evolutionary path of 5G starts from a core baseline of technical standards devised by telecom companies.

The improvements will continue over time.

The baselines are defined by 3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project) for wireless networks.

The 3GPP creates Release Documents after every few years to describe the new capabilities of wireless networks.

3GPP devises the 5G NR standards in June 2019, which formed the foundation of the 5G service.

After the Release Document, companies require many advanced techniques to build product and services that will support new standards.

The new versions of 5G technologies will be released in the near future, and devices are coming to support these new versions.

The evolution of 5G technology and improving standards are due to the nature of infrastructure.

Network companies are quickly trying to strengthen and densify their networks.

6 Advancements 5G will enable in the future:

One of the most buzzing headliners in the technology field is 5G technology, and here’s why:

1. Smart Factories:

Photo by Mika Baumeister

In today’s world, there are many factories that are being operated with little to no human intervention, for the sole purpose of supplying the demand – otherwise known as the Fourth Industrial Revolution ( Industry 4.0 ).

These little to no human intervention factories are referred to as Smart factories.

Because Smart factories are built with an advanced technology infrastructure, we can see how 5G technology will play a vital role in boosting their production performance.

We believe 5G will steeply incline the use of Robotics and AI in smart factories due to machine learning becoming more faster and more reliable.

Here are 3 examples of AI benefits in smart factories: control the production of machines, predict and diagnose issues, and gain a deeper understanding of analytical data

2. Smart Cities:

Image by Tumisu

City issues, such as trash and traffic conditions are dynamically being improved with the assistance of 5G technology.

For instance, according to the Nippon Electric Compay ( NEC ), “Verizon Wireless in the USA…is deploying a traffic management system in the city of Sacramento, California which will see IoT sensors deployed inside of pavement and on streetlights in order to provide better information to local authorities on traffic flow”.

If you’d like to learn about how Smart Trashcans are beneficial, GSMA does a great job on covering this topic.

Other examples 5G will have a role in is smart parking lots, streetlights, and transportation.

These examples are key measures to consider when a city continues to grow in population.

Because of the power and torque behind 5G, cities can look forward to having 5G become a turning point in our evolution.

3. Mixed Reality:

Photo by Laurens Derks

Virtual Reality ( VR ) can be viewed as a reality that generates realistic images and sensations in the imaginary world, and Augmented Reality ( AR ) can be viewed as a virtual reality to the real world environment.

Mixed reality is something in which we have a mix of both Virtual and Augmented Reality, causing the imagination and reality to become intermingled.

Therefore, Mixed Reality needs to be operated without any interruption while on a network.

To provide an example of how 5G can fuel Mixed Reality, Cristiano Amon, President of Qualcomm states:

“Someone will able to walk into a meeting, and with facial recognition, immediately go to the cloud and look at all the different social networks to get information about the person they are meeting.”

With the astonishing speeds 5G networks will produce, the concept of Mixed Reality will most likely sky rocket a drastic change in our environments and lives.

In the shadows of 5G, this technology is rapidly bringing physical and digital elements together.

The two worlds are put together to empower Essential and Frontline Workers to be more productive.

Many may believe in Mixed Reality causing an explosion of experiencing AR and VR popping out in our cars, phones, computer screens, and in many other places of our environment.

With the advancement in 5G technology, Mixed Reality will become a part of everyday life.

4. Autonomous Vehicle:

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Autonomous vehicles have been in development for many years, but still have not taken flight in the market.

In this strategic development, 5G certainly contributes to decreasing the amount of traffic accidents by delivering an autonomous, safer driving experience.

This massive 5G contribution lures in big automobile players, such as Tesla and Toyota to capitalize on this asset by utilizing 5G to one day have machines mimic human reflexes.

Experts all over the world are committed toward monetizing 5G to allow machines to one day be as valuable as it is for autonomous vehicles.

5. Edge Computing:

Image Credit: Fog Cloud Computing

Edge computing is also known as Fog computing, which allows the data to be processed near to the source.

This type of data can’t travel much distance, but it can be processed much faster.

This technology will make us safer use of autonomous vehicles.

Edge computing comes with security and latency issues when preparing in multi-cloud environments.

5G enables the high potential of edge computing, which is helpful in many applications from smart cities to retail environments.

The high speed and low latency data transmission of 5G is a characteristic feature for edge computing.

Edge Computing can enable improved user experience with virtual reality ( VR ) and gaming applications for consumers.

6. Superhighways:

Photo by David Rodrigo

The idea of 5G’s wireless network can be thought as a virtual highway, housing the many text messages, phone calls, and other signals.

This virtual highway will permit these signals to travel at a speed comparable to blinking your eyes.

When this 5G time comes around, countries without 5G will look like little back-country roads when compared to other countries that are not fully utilizing 5G.

Problems of 5G deployment in the U.S.:

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One major problem we are seeing today in the U.S. is the cost of installing a 5G infrastructure.

The deployment of 5G requires new systems with upgraded connective nodes.

Users will also need new upgraded mobile devices.

Cost is estimated to hundreds of billions of dollars in the deployment of 5G’s infrastructure. 

The other problem in the deployment of the 5G system is to retrofit the existing 4G system.

Many hardware providers are also working that are not as advanced as Huawei company, which is offering an entirely advanced system at reasonable price.

The U.S. has many leading software companies such as Microsoft, Oracle, Qualcomm, and Intel that are in the race to lead the 5G industry.

These companies are striving toward providing an alternative technology for cheap deployment of 5G infrastructure when being compared to Huawei. 

Conclusion:

In short, 5G is an inevitable innovation of this decade in the field of technology.

Every major company is trying to deploy the 5G infrastructure.

5G technology offers the fastest browsing and downloading speed of Gbps.

The most important feature of 5G is movement from a closed hardware network to an open software-defined approach.

5G technology is innovating many significant advancements in the lifestyle.

Modern life is advancing towards AI and robotics to save human health and risks.

The complete deployment of 5G will still need several years to complete.

But once life is shifted to 5G technology, we will be living in an entirely different world.